Command-Line Utility


yangson [options] [<operation>] <yang_library>

yangson -h


yangson is a tool for performing selected high-level operations with a YANG data model and JSON-encoded instance objects from the command line.

yang-library is the name of a file containing JSON-encoded data model specification in the YANG library format [RFC7895]. If no operation is specified, the program just parses the data model and exits.


-h, --help

Show an overview of the command syntax and exit.

-i, --id

Print the unique module set identifier that can be used, for example, as the value of the module-set-id leaf in YANG library data. See also DataModel.module_set_id().

-t, --tree

Print the schema tree of the complete data model as ASCII art. See also DataModel.ascii_tree().

-d, --digest

Print the schema digest of the data model in JSON format. See also DataModel.schema_digest().

-v <instance>, --validate <instance>

Validate an instance object against the data model. The instance argument is the name of a file containing a JSON-encoded instance object.

Validation can be controlled by means of --scope and --ctype options.

See also InstanceNode.validate().


-p <module_path>, --path <module_path>

This option specifies directories to search for YANG modules. The module_path argument is a colon separated list of directory names. By default, the value of the YANG_MODPATH environment variable is used if this variable exists, otherwise the module path contains only the current directory.

All YANG modules specified in YANG library need to be located in one of these directories, and their file names have to be in the following form:

module-or-submodule-name ['@' revision-date] '.yang'

The part with revision date has to be present if the revision is specified for the (sub)module in YANG library.

-s <validation_scope>, --scope <validation_scope>

This option specifies validation scope, and is only relevant when used with the --validate operation. The choices for the validation_scope argument are as follows:

  • syntax – schema constraints (including when and if-feature conditions) and data types;
  • semantics – must constraints, uniqueness of list keys, unique constraints in lists, integrity of leafref and instance-identifier references;
  • all – all of the above.

The default value is all. See also InstanceNode.validate().

-c <content_type>, --ctype <content_type>

This option specifies the content type of the instance object, and is only relevant when used with the --validate operation. The content_type arguments can be one of config (configuration data, default), nonconfig (non-configuration data) and all (all data). See also InstanceNode.validate().

-n, --no_types

This option is used to suppress data type information in ASCII tree output. It is relevant only for the --tree operation.

Environment Variables

The default module path, see --path option.

Exit Status

Value Meaning
0 No errors
1 Problem with reading or decoding JSON files
2 YANG library or data model problem
3 Validation of the instance object failed


Ladislav Lhotka <>